This time to talk about a fundamental topic: the position of vehicles on the road.
In Italy (as in 90% of the countries of the world) you drive on the right. But driving on the right can mean everything and nothing; the problem is to understand how far right we must be. The fundamental rule is, also in this case, DO NOT CREATE DANGER or HINDER to others . We therefore make a distinction between driving as close as possible to the white margin strip, therefore attached to the roadside, and driving on the right without having this obligation.
We are obliged not to move from the white line in general on two-way two-lane roads in three basic cases:
when we are overtaken;
when we are in poor visibility conditions (bumps, curves, etc);
when we drive non-motor vehicles and mopeds.
In particular, with respect to the second point, a similar rule follows: on bends and on bumps on 2-lane and two-way roads, nobody can be overtaken, EVEN A BICYCLE ; to overcome it, in fact, it would be necessary to move from the right margin.
Photos location on the highway
In all other cases, the code recommends staying in the right most lane without particular restrictions. We point out that this rule was valid (although it was expressed in a rather confused way) and applies on the highway and in general on all multi-lane roads , where we are obliged to ALWAYS stay on the right, even if we drive a car at 130 km / h . With the new highway code in particular, reference is made to this situation: whoever drives in the second lane, with the first free lane, is punishable by a fine in money and by the deduction of 4 points from the license (art.143 CDS).
There are cases, however, where it is not advisable if not forbidden to stay all right and these are in particular:
in the presence of the warning sign “yielding quay”, ie problems on the right edge of the road;
in the case of icy road, where it is dangerous to stay too close to the edge because in the event of a skid you can easily get out of the way; in this case the best thing to do is to stay as far away from obstacles as possible;
in case of snowein case of strong wind for the same reason;
in the case of a left turn, in which case we are obliged to stay as far left as possible ; if we are on a one-way street, therefore, we must move to the left edge of the road, if instead we are on a two-way street, From these rules follow those concerning the turning point; we distinguish the right turn from the left.
The right turn must be made, clearly after having signaled the maneuver and having respected all the rules of precedence, being as close as possible to the right edge of the road; the left turn instead is a little more complex: it is necessary to start from the point as far to the left as possible, pass near the center of the road, however leaving it on our right (we pass in front of it) without cutting the road for those coming from the road where we are entering.
In some situations, given the complexity of the maneuver, reference can be made to the appropriate horizontal signs: just follow the white dotted stripes with the left wheels. Precisely because of the difficulty of the maneuver, more often than not, roundabout intersections are emerging in which the rules are similar except for the fact of going around the center of the obstacle rather than passing in front of it;
in parenthesesRoundabouts have been shown to be inherently less dangerous than classic intersections as they offer “only” 8 meeting points between vehicles compared to 24 at similar intersections.